top of page

 Enfield Pattern 1853 Rifle



The Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle was a muzzle-loading rifle that was used by the British Army from 1853 to 1867. It was named after the Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield, where it was produced. The rifle had a .577 caliber and was equipped with a bayonet. It was designed to be fired by a trained soldier using a percussion cap and powder charge. The rifle's accuracy and range were highly praised, and it became a popular weapon among British soldiers during the Crimean War (1853-1856).

One of the most significant events in which the Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle played a crucial role was during the American Civil War (1861-1865). Both Union and Confederate forces used this rifle, and it became one of the most widely used rifles during the conflict. The Confederacy imported Enfield rifles from Great Britain and used them as a mainstay of their infantry. The Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle's impact on the American Civil War was substantial because it had a longer range than the typical smoothbore musket and was more accurate. It was also a quicker and more efficient weapon to reload, which gave an advantage to those using it in battle.

To identify this rifle the most obvious feature is the distinctive three bands around the barrel. This is a defining characteristic of the rifle and sets it apart from other contemporary firearms. The lock plate will typically have the manufacturer's name (often "Tower" or "Enfield") and the year of production stamped on it. The stock is often made of walnut and features a distinctive humpback shape near the breech. The rear sight is usually a ladder-style sight, which can be adjusted for elevation. The barrel should be stamped with proof marks indicating that it was tested and deemed safe for use and the caliber of the rifle is .577, which is engraved on the barrel.

Origin: United Kingdom
Manufactured: 1853-1867
Manufacturer: Royal Small Arms Factory Enfield (RSAF)

Type: Muzzle-Loading Rifled Musket

Caliber: .577
Barrel Length: 990mm (39")
Action: Percussion Lock

Magazine Capacity: 1, Muzzle- Loaded


bottom of page